Animal Law History, Relevance and Development

1.) What is Animal Law?

By Jerrold Tannenbaum[Cleveland State Law Review, 61 Clev. St. L. Rev. 891 (2013)]

This Article considers a critically important issue facing the new field of animal law: how to define animal law itself. The Article demonstrates that advocacy-oriented definitions violate fundamental standards of definition and conflict with crucial aims and values of our legal system. It maintains that a necessary first step in finding a satisfactory definition and in motivating lawyers, law school faculty, and law students to pay sufficient attention to animal-related legal issues is rejection of advocacy-oriented definitions of animal law.

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2.) The History of Animal Law, Part I (1972-1987)

By Joyce Tischler [Stanford Journal of Animal Law & Policy | Vol. 1]

This article focuses on tracing the beginnings of animal law as a legal discipline and analyzes the thought processes of its leaders, how the surrounding animal rights movement influenced the direction of animal law, and how the choices that were made shaped the foundation and growth of this area of the law.

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3.) A Brief History of Animal Law, Part II (1985-2011)

By Joyce Tischler [Stanford Journal of Animal Law & Policy | Vol. 5]

This article traces the growth of the field of animal law primarily in the United States from 1985 to the present. It provides a review of efforts to spearhead lawsuits, legislative enactments, initiatives and other means to gain greater protections for animals.

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4.) Origins of Animal Law: Three Perspectives

By Richard J. Katz, Michael C. Blumm, and Holly Anne Gibbons [Animal Law Review, Lewis and Clark Law School, 10 Animal L. 1 (2004)]

The introductory chapter narrates the story of establishing and strengthening the foothold of animal law at the esteemed Lewis and Clark Law School. The struggles faced by the then students in getting the due recognition, acknowledgement and support in favour of the oldest research centre along with a dedicated academic journal on Animal Law have been discussed by the three contributors.


5.) A Review of Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions

By Laura Ireland Moore [Animal Law Review, Lewis and Clark Law School, 11 Animal L. 311 (2005)]

A review of the book, Animal Rights: Current Debates and New Directions by Cass Sunstein and Martha Nussbaum, the two leading legal scholars in the field of animal law. The review delves into the basics of the essays which provide an essential foundation in philosophy, scientific theory, and ethics with important comparisons to fields such as women’s rights and environmentalism.


6.) Charting the Growth of Animal Law in Education

By Peter Sankoff [Journal of Animal Law, Vol. 4, p. 105, 2008]

In this article, the author examines the growth of animal law courses worldwide, considering how the phenomena began, how far it has spread, and the impediments professors face to getting new courses up and running. He concludes that as an independent subject, animal law is beginning to attain significant legitimacy, as it is taught at nearly 40% of the law faculties across the United States, and this percentage has grown dramatically every year since the topic was first offered.


7.) What Are We Trying to Achieve by Teaching Animal Law to Students?

By Nick James and Rochelle James [Legal Education Review, Vol. 27 : Iss. 1 , Article 8]

This article is a critical reflection upon the objectives of animal law units, with a focus upon whether or not it is appropriate to explicitly identify personal, community and legal transformation amongst those objectives. It also focuses on the importance of being clear about one’s objectives when teaching law to law students.


8.) Animal Law in the Classroom

By Fran Ortiz [Texas Bar Journal, Vol. 74, No. 10]

This write up focuses on the struggles of the animal law movement with special reference to the Animal Legal Defense Fund’s (ALDF) efforts in establishing the Center for Animal Law Studies at the Lewis and Clark Law School.


9.) Critical Animal Studies and Animal Law

By Maneesha Deckha [Animal Law Review, Lewis and Clark Law School, 18 Animal L. 207 (2012)]

The paper focuses on how flourishing interest in animal law is paralleled by growth in the field of Critical Animal Studies (CAS). It throws light on how integrating the insight of both the disciplines into the analysis of animal issues in the law will rectify the speciesist and otherwise exclusionary formulations of the socially constructed differences between various species, which have so far been unquestioned assumptions. It explains how CAS offers an understanding of these socially constructed differences and advances a common mission between issues identified as animal injustices and those identified as human injustices stressing the interconnection between human and animal issues, not simply parallels. This as an important synthesis can subvert the confinement of animal issues in the legal sphere and could be the key to extending the essential issues into a more diverse community.